With many of us currently working from home and maybe even finding more time to do those DIY jobs we had been putting off, it’s a sad fact of life that the risk of getting injured at home has also significantly increased.
When you consider that there may well be a delay in an ambulance reaching you because of the Covid-19 outbreak, it is clear to see the benefits of knowing some basic first aid.
Adrian Slack (CMIOSH, MIfireE, Cert Ed), of Clarian Health Safety Training and Consultancy has been involved in teaching life-saving skills for much of his career, including 30 years training firefighters and seven years as a voluntary medical first responder.
Nowadays, as well as running his business, Adrian also works alongside the East Anglian Air Ambulance, going out into the community as a first aid trainer to help fulfil the organisation’s ambition to train more people in CPR and other life-saving skills.
The Peterborough Hub asked Adrian for some basic first aid information and how to administer the basic life support skills he believes everyone should know.
For more information on courses visit. www.clariantraining.com.
What is CPR?
Cardio Pulmonary Resuscitation is a combination of chest compressions and ventilations, to allow oxygen to be passed to the brain, which buys time until a defibrillator (AED) arrives on scene.
When carrying out CPR your own safety is paramount. Use suitable PPE if you have any.
Remember these five important steps.
lResponse (R) from the casualty.
lHead tilt chin lift to open the Airway (A)
lCheck Breathing (B) for 10 seconds
lLook for (C) Circulatory problems.
If they are not breathing normally then call 999 and start CPR until help arrives, safety is compromised or you become exhausted.
Basic CPR is 30 central chest compressions at around two per second, then two normal breaths in to the casualties airway (mouth) if safe to do so, allowing the chest to rise.
If you cannot breath in to the casualty, then simply do chest compressions only until help arrives, as it’s better than doing nothing.
If they have normal breathing, and CPR is NOT required, with no serious or catastrophic bleeds, or other serious injuries then simply place them on to their side, or in the recovery position if unconscious and breathing normally to maintain a clear airway.
What if someone is bleeding?
Blood loss has to be controlled quickly. Basic treatments for any bleed is to sit or lay the casualty down, examine the type of bleed (arterial, venous, capillary) to identify the exact point of the bleed. If no foreign objects are in the injury, then apply pressure for 10 minutes.
A more serious open deep penetrating wound may need packing to control it.
Most first aid injuries of less serious nature can simply be controlled by using a sterile dressing from a first aid kit, and applying pressure on to the wound if needed. Always try to wear protective gloves and any other appropriate PPE when dealing with bleeds.
Due to COVID-19 we will only visit or run courses based on the government guidelines. Stay safe and well, and enjoy working from home if you can. We work with and support the NHS. Keep them safe.